Systems and Asylum Procedures

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior Research Associates, Refugee Research Centre, University or college of Oxford

Increasingly, technology and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching engines that determine iris works and finger prints to directories for refugees and cachette to chatbots to help people register protection conditions. These tools are created to make that easier to get states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as much systems are slowed down as a result of COVID-19 outbreak and raising levels of obligated displacement.

Nonetheless they raise a number of human legal rights concerns. For instance , privacy considerations, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or machine errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. They also pose significant conflicts to migrants and refugees, who are usually already voiceless and somewhat insecure.

Ozkul’s exploration explores the ways in which new technologies may be used to verify identities and narratives of migrants, allowing them to quicken their asylum application process. It also discusses the ways through which these technology can create a particular informational space around migrants, and how that they configure their particular subjecthood. Following Foucault, the woman argues that such algorithms are both comarcal and institutional. For example , iris scanning algorithms can be seen mainly because an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific place in order to be recognised; while suggestion algorithms are commercial and global in their results, configuring subject areas as buyers.

As a result, that they enact a specific form of hegemonic power over displaced persons. This is especially true presented the current competition to the lower part in asylum policy ~ with some countries offering offers like the Nansen passport to help in cachette resettling and others imposing restrictive plans that block the access to location and pressure them on dangerous and deadly excursions.